J.K. ROWLING MOTHER OF THE WIZARDING WORLD
”It takes a great deal of courage to stand up to your enemies, but even more to stand up to your friends.”
It was of course Professor Dumbledore who said it to Neville Longbottom, but it was J.K. Rowling who wrote it in her book: “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone”.
喬安娜·羅琳，OBE（Joanne “Jo” Rowling，1965年7月31日－），通稱J.K·羅琳（J. K. Rowling），是一位英國奇幻小說家，代表作為《哈利波特》系列作品。她的《哈利波特》暢銷全球，熱賣超過4億本，成為史上最暢銷的書籍之一；其同名改編電影也成為電影史上票房收入最高的電影之一。該系列電影獲得羅琳的完整授權，她還親自擔任《哈利波特—死神的聖物 (上)》的電影監製。
Joanne “Jo” Rowling /ˈroʊlɪŋ/, OBE FRSL (born 31 July 1965), best known by her pen name J. K. Rowling, is a British novelist, best known as the author of the Harry Potter fantasy series. The Potter books have gained worldwide attention, won multiple awards, and sold more than 400 million copies. They have become the best-selling book series in history, and been the basis for a series of films which has become the highest-grossing film series in history. Rowling had overall approval on the scripts and maintained creative control by serving as a producer on the final instalment.
Born in Yate, Gloucestershire, Rowling was working as a researcher and bilingual secretary for Amnesty International when she conceived the idea for the Harry Potter series on a delayed train from Manchester to London in 1990. The seven-year period that followed entailed the death of her mother, divorce from her first husband and poverty until Rowling finished the first novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (1997). Rowling subsequently published 6 sequels—the last, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (2007)—as well as 3 supplements to the series. Since, Rowling has parted with her agency and resumed writing for adult readership, releasing the tragicomedy The Casual Vacancy (2012) and—using the pseudonym Robert Galbraith—the crime fiction novel The Cuckoo’s Calling (2013), the first of a series.
Rowling has led a “rags to riches” life story, in which she progressed from living on state benefits to multi-millionaire status within five years. She is the United Kingdom’s best-selling author since records began, with sales in excess of £238m. The 2008 Sunday Times Rich List estimated Rowling’s fortune at £560 million ($798 million), ranking her as the twelfth richest woman in the United Kingdom. Forbes ranked Rowling as the forty-eighth most powerful celebrity of 2007, and TIME magazine named her as a runner-up for its 2007 Person of the Year, noting the social, moral, and political inspiration she has given her fans. In October 2010, Rowling was named the “Most Influential Woman in Britain” by leading magazine editors. She has become a notable philanthropist, supporting such charities as Comic Relief, One Parent Families, Multiple Sclerosis Society of Great Britain and Lumos (formerly the Children’s High Level Group).